Hemp Seed Oil vs. CBD Oil: What’s The Difference?

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Exploring Hemp Seed Oil and CBD Oil:

Hemp seed oil and cannabidiol (CBD) oil originate from the cannabis sativa plant species. Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant, a cannabis sativa variety containing less than 0.3% THC. On the other hand, diamondcbdoil.com is derived from the leaves, stalks, and flowers of both cannabis and hemp plants. These oils are prevalent ingredients found in a range of products, spanning from beauty items to food.

Delve deeper to uncover the commonalities and distinctions between hemp seed oil and CBD oil, understanding their production processes, applications, and potential benefits.

Introduction to Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil is derived from the seeds of the hemp plant, boasting a robust and nutty flavor. Comprising approximately 70 to 90% polyunsaturated fatty acids, recognized as essential for health, it is notably rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids, tocopherols, and linoleic and linolenic acids.

Composition and Processing

The presence of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD oil in hemp seed oil depends on the handling and processing methods of the seeds, as reported by Oklahoma State University. To meet stringent consumption standards, most companies follow strict guidelines to ensure minimal THC levels, typically 0.3% or less, eliminating the risk of psychoactive effects.

Hemp seed oil is extracted through a cold-press method, akin to the process used for olive oil. Once extracted, the oil is stored in a cool, dark environment for subsequent processing and shipping.

Utilization of Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil serves culinary purposes, enhancing flavors when drizzled on vegetables or incorporated into salad dressings. Additionally, it can be consumed directly as a dietary supplement due to its high content of polyunsaturated omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, as outlined by the American Oil Chemists Society (AOCS).

Beyond culinary applications, hemp seed oil finds utility in various industrial sectors. Its drying properties make it suitable for use in paints, varnishes, and coatings. Moreover, it contributes to the production of plastic flooring, such as linoleum.

Potential Benefits

Hemp seed oil offers potential health benefits, primarily through its unique omega-6 (linoleic) to omega-3 (alpha-linolenic) essential fatty acid ratio, which is 3-to-1. A diet rich in these fatty acids can contribute to skin health, cardiovascular well-being, maintenance of healthy blood pressure, and the reduction of pain, inflammation, and some PMS symptoms like breast tenderness.

The nutritional profile of hemp seed oil is dense, featuring antioxidants like vitamin E, as well as omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9 fatty acids, carotene, chlorophyll, calcium, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, and iron.

Potential Risks and Considerations

Hemp seed oil, while offering numerous benefits, comes with potential risks and side effects. Its high composition of fats makes it prone to rapid rancidity. The relatively low flash point, which signifies the temperature at which the liquid can vaporize or ignite when exposed to an open flame, makes it unsuitable for frying. It is best consumed in its raw form when fresh.

Storage of hemp seed oil poses challenges due to its fatty acid makeup, rendering it susceptible to oxidative deterioration when exposed to oxygen, as noted by the European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology. To preserve its freshness, hemp seed oil is recommended to be used at temperatures below 300 degrees Fahrenheit (150 degrees Celsius). Moreover, its short shelf life necessitates storage in the refrigerator or freezer after opening.

Introduction to CBD Oil

CBD, or cannabidiol, stands as one of the predominant active compounds in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, it is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not induce a “high” sensation. CBD is derived from the leaves, stalks, and flowers of hemp and cannabis plants. While the legality of cannabis remains contentious in some regions, most CBD oils are extracted from hemp plants.

Yvonne Perez Emerson, an herbalist and founder of Make and Mary, a CBD boutique in Portland, Oregon, explains that CBD is a plant compound present in both hemp and cannabis, belonging to a group of at least 100 unique compounds called cannabinoids. These cannabinoids interact with the body’s central regulatory system, known as the endocannabinoid system, which manages physiological balance in processes such as appetite, mood, memory, sleep, and immune system functions.

CBD oil, a popular form of CBD consumption, is crafted through an extraction process, often utilizing carbon dioxide, resulting in nutrient-dense products with high cannabinoid content.

CBD Oil Production Process

The creation of CBD oil involves adding hemp extract to a carrier oil, with medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil being the most common choice, derived from coconuts. Other carrier oils, including vegetable oil, sunflower oil, almond oil, and olive oil, can also be employed.

Emerson emphasizes that once a carrier oil is chosen, attention shifts to determining potency. This factor, based on the CBD content, dictates the strength of the final product. The formulation is calculated based on the desired dosage or potency, which depends on the initial potency of the raw material.

To enhance the oil’s intended use, additional ingredients may be incorporated. Emerson’s products, for instance, include plant-based materials like rose hip seed oil and jojoba oil, addressing specific concerns such as inflammation or skin hydration.

Usage of CBD Oil

CBD oil has found its way into a myriad of products, ranging from topical pain-relieving creams to tinctures, gummies designed to enhance sleep or alleviate anxiety, and even effervescent drinks, pet products, and beauty items—all riding the wave of CBD popularity.

Potential Benefits

Health experts extol the diverse benefits of CBD oil, attributing its effectiveness to restoring homeostasis, the body’s natural balance, within the endocannabinoid system. Yvonne Perez Emerson explains that CBD activates the system’s core receptors (CB1 and CB2), regulating mood, temperature, cognitive function, and muscle repair.

While additional research is imperative, preliminary studies suggest that CBD oil may have positive effects in the following areas:

  • Acute and chronic pain
  • Seizures associated with epilepsy and related conditions
  • Anxiety disorders, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Psychiatric and neurologic conditions
  • Inflammation
  • Digestive health
  • Weight management
  • Oxidative stress
  • Cardiovascular conditions like hypertension, heart disease, and stroke
  • Stress-induced cardiovascular conditions
  • Skin health
  • Insomnia
  • Cancer

Potential Risks and Side Effects

However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cautions against potential risks associated with CBD use, including:

  • Possible liver injury
  • Negative drug interactions leading to serious side effects
  • Increased risk of sedation and drowsiness, especially when combined with alcohol or drugs that slow brain activity
  • Changes in alertness during use
  • Gastrointestinal distress, such as diarrhea and decreased appetite
  • Changes in mood, including irritability and agitation

Further research is essential, particularly concerning the long-term impacts of CBD use, the dosage that triggers risks, the impact of consumption methods (eating, smoking, or topical application), CBD’s effects on a developing fetus or breastfed newborn, and its impact on a developing brain, especially in children.

Conclusion

The cannabis sativa plant offers an array of benefits and byproducts, contingent on the plant variety and the specific part utilized. For those seeking to enhance physical health and omega intake, hemp seed oil with its research-backed benefits is a viable option. However, for pain relief, anxiety, or depression, consulting a healthcare provider is crucial to determine whether CBD oil is the appropriate choice for individual health needs.

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